Over the next few months, the Latin America population will reach 625 million, more than six million above the estimated total population in mid-2015, according to the latest population projections made by the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC).
This figure represents almost twice the Latin America population registered in 1975, when there were 316 million inhabitants. Judging by the report, the population will reach at 680 million in 2025 and 779 million by 2050.
The document also indicates that, by mid-2014, 612 million people lived in the region, of which 310 million were women, while men accounted for 302 million.
Due to diseases and migration, population growth rate is slowing down in some countries. The greatest rates were in Guatemala (20.8), Panama (16.4) and Bolivia (16.1).
The report also states that by mid-2014 life expectancy at birth rose to 74.8 years on average in the whole region, with national variations fluctuated between 62.6 years, in the case of Haiti, and 81 years in Chile.
On the other hand, the 2014 fertility rate (understood as the average number of children born to a woman during her life) was 2.1 in the whole region. In the analysis by country, the rate was below 2 in the cases of Cuba, Chile, Brazil, Costa Rica, and Colombia, and over 3 in Guatemala, Bolivia, and Haiti.